Appropriate security measures should be in place to protect all aspects of your business, regardless of what kind of premises you operate from. For businesses that operate from commercial premises or factories, security is especially important to prevent crimes such as robbery and vandalism.

A comprehensive security plan that details security measures and staff training is essential for all businesses that operate from any kind of premises.


Identify potential risks and create an action plan

Before you create a security plan, you need to identify risks to your business. It is useful to carry out a business risk assessment, which covers the possible threats to property, stock, IT systems and data, and personnel.

Business owners also need to plan for what to do in the event of an incident. A business continuity plan details how to keep your business up and running in the event of a security breach.

In order to protect your business premises from crime, you should first carry out a security survey. Once you have determined the main risks, you can decide what actions you should take.


Delay and deter intruders

The basic idea is to introduce measures that will delay and deter potential offenders from seeing your business as an easy target.

Protecting windows, doors, roofs, and cellar entrances is important, but making your entrance unattractive to customers would be inappropriate. Consider the fabric of your premises and how a criminal might gain access. Should they decide to cut their way into your building, consider whether they can achieve this without being seen. For example, should you own a shop with valuables, perhaps anti-ram-raid bollards might be appropriate.

Use the ‘onion-peeling’ principle to think about the layers of your business and premises. For each layer, consider how you can:

  • Increase the effort for a criminal to carry out any crime;
  • Increase the risk of a criminal being caught;
  • Reduce the risk of reward for the criminal, e.g. by only holding low levels of cash on the premises;
  • Reduce the provocation to commit a crime by making the environment less favourable towards any criminal.

Any measures that you take should be:

  • Appropriate;
  • Realistic; and
  • Cost effective.